E-Waste Management in Developing Countries

The level of the electronic waste globally add up to 50 million metric tons annually and most if it comes from developing countries. These countries are less industrialized and have low per capita levels. Developing countries have high usage of the electronic devices such as televisions, cell phones, etc. due to the greater information and communication growth rates. The poverty levels in the developing countries have higher than the developed countries, and the people are busy looking for economic stability. Recycling of the electronic wastes by the developing countries is profitable as valuable items can be extracted such as copper, gold, glass, silver, chromium, nickel, etc. These items can be sold bringing income to the people and the country (Dixit, and Vaish, 2013, pp.1-15).


However, the recycling can be a threat if not done properly and can be dangerous to the ecosystem. In the case of weighing the risks and benefits of the recycling of e-waste, the risk is high than the benefits. The developing countries have no determined and specific guidelines that can be used to enable regulation of the electronic waste. Developing countries have high levels of vices such as corruption levels thus making adherence to the set laws regarding electronic waste management impossible to implement. The formal systems of recycling do not exist well in this countries thus making e-waste management a significant challenge to the countries. Lack of defined strategies on how to manage waste in the developing countries makes the electronic waste have health impacts on the people, affect the animals and individuals. The countries are contributing to global warming in the world. The rise of the electronic waste in the developing countries creates economic and environmental problems and is as a result of the high production and usage of electronic goods.

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