In the recent year’s developed countries like the USA have been sending electronic wastes to developing countries for mainly recycling e.g. in China, India, and Asia. The developing countries have unstructured and unregulated space for recycling of electronic wastes. These means that the recycling can be done without strict regulation by the governments. Electronic wastes have been found to have adverse impacts on the ecosystem when primitive recycling is done. There are firms in developed countries who find the laws and regulations in those countries very strict hence unable to uphold. The firms, therefore, move to the developing countries to do recycling since the environment is favorable.
Image: Electronic wastes in the container, in order to ship them oversea.
Recycling in the developing world is cheap compared to the developed countries, and this makes the firms gain more profits in their operations. Shipbreaking in developing countries is hard due to the cost, and it is done in Asia a developing country where dismantling is cheaper and less environmental regulations. The recycling operation in the developing countries requires little resources. Also, the developed countries dump the e-waste to the developing countries to reduce the ecosystem impacts in their countries. The developing nations have no laws to protect themselves from the dumping making them vulnerable to the developed countries with the aim of exploitations. However, the developing countries do not have better methods to manage the electronic wastes and in the attempt to recycle might cause severe impacts to the people health. The Basel Convention was formed to reduce the formation of e-waste by developed countries, dumping to developing nations and also regulate cross-border shipments. Africa was the continent where the e-wastes were dumped. The Bamako Convention focused on the African countries putting policies to avoid dumping from developed countries. However, due to lack of resources and power, the convention aims did not succeed.